D E P A R T M E N T   O F   E X H I B I T S.


H. B. Hardt, Assistant.

The Exhibits, of all form, nature and character, are calculated to be the main
attraction of an Exposition, and hence much thought, care and attention is
necessary that the exhibits, whether considered singly or as a whole, shall be
of such character as to not only compel the attention of the visitors but to
enlist their interest in the qualities, nature and operation of them, so it
follows that the most successful exhibits are those which most generally
attracts the sympathy and inquiry of the exposition patrons.

It is a matter of much pride to the exposition management, that the exhibits as
secured, arranged and grouped, excited so much favorable commendation from
those whose long and varied experience in exposition work, qualified them as
competent judges in such matters.

It is but fair to state that the general high quality of the exhibits in this
exposition is due mainly to Manager Bruce of the department, and to his able
assistant, Mr. Hardt; and is also due to the general high character and
efficiency of the superintendents of the various branches of this department,
selected by Manager Bruce for their special qualifications and fitness for the
work placed in their charge.

To the fine business ability and the excellent judgment evidenced by the
manager of this department is attributed, mainly the results obtained.

The operations and results of this department, in so far as they can be given
at this late day, may be stated in the following way.

The first thought of the department management was given to its organization
and to preparation of rules governing exhibits and exhibitors.  To this end
Manager Bruce, Manager Reed and the general secretary, as a committee carefully
considered the subject of rules and form of application etc., noting the action
of similar projects and considering their fitness in this case.  As a result of
the committee's consideration and conclusions on the subject the following
Rules were recommended and were by them adopted.

(Insert General Rules and Regulations 7 pages typewritten, next attached.)

Manager Bruce divided the work of the Exhibits Department into branches,
designated Bureaus, as follows:

Bureau of Education.
Bureau of Fine Arts.
Bureau of Mines and Mining.
Bureau of Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Irrigation.
Bureau of Live Stock.
Bureau of Diary Products.
Bureau of Poultry.
Bureau of Bee Industries.
Bureau of Machinery and Electricity.
Bureau of Manufactures and International Exhibits.
Bureau of Liberal Arts
Bureau of Transportation and Agricultural Implements.

The operations under these various bureaus, as gathered from reports of chief
of bureaus, from observation and from the general records are outlined in the
following divisions.


Rule 1.  In accordance with an Act of Congress of the United States of America,
approved by the President, June 10th, 1896, the Trans-Mississippi and
International Exposition will be held at the City of Omaha, in the state of
Nebraska, U.S.A. from June to November, in the year of eighteen hundred and
ninety eight, for the exhibition of resources of the United States of America,
the progress and civilization of the western region and for a display and
friendly competition of arts, industries, manufactures and products of the
soil, mine and sea, comprising the whole range of  human progress, and
exemplifying the growth of the United States, the foreign countries and the
South and Central American countries, making same universal in its nature.  The
Exposition will be held under the joint auspices of the United States
Government and the Trans-Mississippi states, under the control and government
of fifty directors.

Rule 2.  Governments of foreign  countries , states and others intending to
participate in this Exposition are requested to intimate the same as soon as
possible.  Applications for space from countries officially represented, should
be made through the commissioners of the respective countries or states where
the article is produced or manufactured.  From countries not officially
represented, applications should be addressed directly to the Chief of
Department of Exhibits, Omaha, Nebraska.  Applications for  space cannot be
received after March 1st, 1898, and are invited as early as possible, as in the
allotment of space precedence will be given to priority of applications.

Rule 3.  All wishing to participate in the Exposition will be charged for space
as follows:  for each square foot of wall space, 50 cents; for special
positions on central aisle, isolated space or corner lots, an increase of 25
per cent will be charged above the quoted rates.  In grounds:  for each square
foot a rate of 50 cents will be charged.  The minimum application for space
acceptable will be for twenty square feet.  Any fraction of a foot to be
computed as a whole foot.  Governments and barge exhibitors will be granted
liberal allowances, provided their applications are completed within the year
1897.  To encourage exhibits in operation which are especially attractive to
the public those making live exhibits will be given advantages.  The nominal
charges for space are not made for purposes of gain, but to exclude
uninteresting, paltry features, to insure the illustration of the vast
resources of the United States and to bring foreign and American progress into
friendly competition in as compact a manner as possible.

Rule 4.  All applications for space should be accompanied by a drawing to a
scale of one-quarter inch to the foot of the plan and distribution of objects
intended for exhibition,  Dimensions of space desired should be given in feet
and inches, without including any allowance for passageways; and should state
whether the applicant is the manufacturer or producer of the article described,
or a proposed concessionaire.  Upon receipt of the notification of acceptance
of the application by the Chief of Department of Exhibits a remittance of
one-fourth of the total amount due for the space must be made, the balance will
be payable upon receipt of notification of the allotment of space.  Permits to
occupy space will be issued only on production of receipt in full for payment
of space charges.

Rule 5.  All remittances must be made payable to the Trans- Mississippi and
International Exposition, Omaha, Nebraska.

Rule 6.  Articles that are in any way dangerous, or nostrums, and empirical
preparations whose ingredients are secret or concealed, can not be admitted to
the Exposition.

Rule 7.  Any single piece or section of any exhibit of greater weight than
20,000 pounds will be accepted only if the exhibitor provides at his own cost
the required machinery for its installation; the ground flooring of the
buildings will be calculated to bear a weight of 1,000 pounds to square ten
feet, and when ever alterations and foundations to the floor are required, the
consent of the Chief of the Department must be obtained, and the work to be
done at the expense of the exhibitor.  The same rule applies to any extra
partitions which exhibitors may require.

Rule 8.  Exhibitors will be strictly confined to such exhibits as are specified
in their application, no transfer of space will be permitted; spaces not
occupied one month previous to the opening day and spaces not fully occupied,
or misused spaces, will revert to the exhibition authorities for reassignment,
and payments made thereon forfeited.  When allotment of space is made,
exhibitors will be notified and will be furnished with permits to occupy the
same, subject to the general rules and regulations adopted for the government
of the Exposition, the special rules of the Department in which their exhibit
will be located, as well as the laws of the United States Government, the laws
of the state of Nebraska and the city of Omaha: permits will not be

Rule 9.  Packages for the Exposition must be marked with diamond shaped device
as a distinctive mark, and be addressed to the President, Trans-Mississippi and
International Exposition, Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.A. and in additions the
following information  written on the outside packages, wrappers or covering.

a, The name and address of exhibitor,
b, The country, state or territory from which package comes
c, Department in which exhibit is installed.
d, The number of the permit for space.
e, Total number of packages sent, with serial numbers marked on each
package.  Official labels will be obtainable.  A list of the contents should be
enclosed in each package.  Freight and terminal charges must be prepaid. 

Rule 10.  The expenses of freight, insurance, placing on the allotted space,
receiving, unpacking and arranging exhibits, as  well as their removal at the
close of the Exposition, must be defrayed by the exhibitor.

Rule 11.  Exhibitors will have to provide, at their own expense all showcases,
stands, fittings, etc.  All platforms and counters, partitions, showcases,
stands, appurtences of approved designs shall not exceed, measuring from the
floor the following dimensions, without special permission  of the Chief of
Department of Exhibits,-

Showcases and stands 15 feet high.
Partitions 15 feet high.
Counters 2 feet 10 inches high.
Platforms 1 foot high.

Rule 12.  The general reception of goods at the Exposition Grounds will
commence January 1898, and no article will be admitted after May 1st, 1898. 
Space not taken possession of by May 1st, 1898, will revert to the Exposition
Authorities for reassignment.  The installation of heavy articles should begin
by special arrangements as soon as progress on the grounds and buildings will

Rule 13.  If no authorized person is at hand to take charge of exhibits at
least 14 days before the opening day, they will be removed and stored at the
cost and risk of whomsoever it may concern.

Rule 14.  No exhibitor will be permitted to erect or arrange his exhibit in any
way so as to obstruct the light, or occasion any inconvenience or
disadvantageously affect the display of other exhibitors.

Rule 15.  Decorations,signs, etc. must be in conformity with the general plan
adopted by the Exposition authorities.  No muslin signs will be permitted.

Rule 16.  Duly approved exhibitor's business cards and circulars may be placed
with the exhibitor's space for distribution.  The right is reserved by the
Exposition authorities to restrict or discontinue the distribution of such,  if
the contents are objectionable or if it is carried to excess or becomes an
annoyance to visitors.          

Rule 17.  Exhibitors will be held responsible for the cleanliness of their
exhibits and the space surrounding same.  All exhibits must be in complete
order each day at least thirty minutes before the hour of opening.  Work of
this character cannot be permitted during the hours when the Exposition is open
to the public.  In case of failure on the part of the exhibitor to observe this
rule, the Chief of Department will have the work performed at the cost of the

Rule 18.  Sketches, drawings, photographs or other reproductions of the
articles exhibited will only be allowed upon joint consent of the exhibitor and
the Chief of the Department; but general views of portions of the interior of
the buildings may be made by special permit of the exposition authorities.

Rule 19.  The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition authorities will
take all reasonable precautions for the safe preservation of all objects in the
exposition, but will not be responsible for damage, depredation or loss of any
kind, or for accidents by fire, the elements otherwise, however originating.  A
thoroughly equipped fire department will protect the buildings and exhibits,
and a large police guard force will maintain order.

Rule 20.  Neither open fire nor naked lights will be allowed in the buildings
or grounds without special permissions in writing.

Rule 21. Favorable terms will be arranged by which exhibitors may insure their
own goods.  Exhibitors may employ watchmen of their own choice to guard their
goods during the hours the Exposition is open to the public.  Such watchmen
will have to be approved by the Chief of the Department and be subject to the
rules and regulations governing employees of the Exposition.

Rule 22.  Arrangement with transportation lines will be made to obtain
concessions in regard to the carriage of exhibits to and from the Exposition.

Rule 23.  The Exposition buildings and grounds will be constituted a bonded
store for articles exhibited from foreign countries, without payment of duty,
but on all goods offered for sale duty must be paid.

Rule 24.  An International Jury of Awards will be formed and the awards will
consist of:

Special Diploma of Honor.
Diploma for Gold Medal.
Diploma for Silver Medal.
Diploma for Bronze Medal.
Diploma for Honorable Mention.

Every diploma for medal will be accompanied by an official medal of bronze,
prepared by Act of Congress at the United States mint.  In addition to the
above awards, special prizes consisting of six Gold Trophies, Six Silver Cups
and Six Gold Medals, will be offered to the competitors in each of the
following classes:

1 Gold Trophy, 1 Silver Cup and 1 Gold Medal as 1st, 2nd and 3rd prize for best
display of an Irrigating System in operation.
1 Gold Trophy, 1 Silver Cup and 1 Gold Medal as 1st, 2nd and 3rd prize for best
electric light service and display.    
1 Gold Trophy, 1 Silver Cup and 1 Gold Medal as 1st, 2nd and 3rd prize for the
best display illustrating the process of the manufacture of Beet Root Sugar.
1 Gold Trophy, 1 Silver Cup and 1 Gold Medal, as 1st, 2nd and 3rd prize for the
best display of Manufacturing Plant in Operation, as well as two more lots of
similar prizes for other high class exhibits, to be designated by the
Exposition authorities hereafter.

In giving these special prizes, preference will be given to those inventions
proving the most suitable to the requirements of the west.  All awards will be
apportioned on the reports of the International Juries, to every exhibitor
whose contributions are pronounced to be of incontestable superiority.  The
jury work will be completed at least one month prior to the close of the
Exposition, so as to give successful exhibitors the opportunity to advertise
their awards in the Exposition.  The full list of awards will receive the
greatest official publicity.  Rules will be prescribed for the guidance of the
International Juries on awards in the discharge of their duties.  Separate
exhibitors' entries will be required for each class.

Rule 25.  It should be stated in the application for space whether exhibits are
intended for competition or not.  Only bona fide exhibitors can compete for
awards.  Every intending privilege holder must make a creditable exhibit.

Rule 26.  Any exhibitor may sell any part or the whole of his exhibit, but with
express condition that the same is not deliverable until the close of the
Exposition.  An exhibitor desiring to sell any portion of his exhibit for
immediate delivery must obtain the privilege and agree to replace immediately
article sold.  Privileges and Concessions.  Privileges refer to the sale of
such goods as are manufactured in order to illustrate a machine or process
exhibited.  Privileges will be granted to bona fide exhibitors. Concessions
refer to the sale of all goods and operations of attractions from which the
securing of revenue is the sole object of the applicant and will be allotted
space only in the "Plaisance" Grounds, not in the Exposition buildings or
grounds proper.  Applications to see goods of any kind not manufactured on the
grounds as the products of a machine or process exhibited or lessees of
concession for restaurants, guide books, rolling chairs, messenger service,
telegraph service, amusements, etc., and all other concessions must make
arrangements with the Chief of the Department of Concessions.  Applicants
should set forth the size of the building, if special building is required, in
the column headed, "Size of Building".  If to be located in any of the
Exposition buildings or grounds proper, under the head of "Space required." 
All applications for space must be made to the Chief or Department of Exhibits
who will/after granting space, hand the same to the Chief of Department of
COncessions for adjustment of percentages payable.  Any person wishing to
participate in the Exposition/must secure and arrange payment for space to be
occupied, before he can obtain privileges or concessions to do business in the
Exposition Grounds.  The Exposition Authorities reserve to themselves the right
to accept or reject any or all applications for exhibits, concessions or

Rule 27.  Applicants for space desiring to exhibit machinery in motion, will be
required to furnish, besides a drawing, the following information:

Actual Horse power required for each machine.
Cubic feet of steam per hour at a pressure of 70 pounds.
Diameter of steam, water or gas pipes.
Diameter of discharge or drain pipes.        
Diameter of, width of faces and number of revolutions of Driving          

The main shafts will make 120 and 240 revolutions per minute.  All shafting,
pulleys, belting, machines, etc., for the transmission of power from the main
shafting must be provided by and at the cost of the Exhibitor.  Requisition for
motive power, water, steam, gas, electric service, extra lights, etc., should
be made at the same time.  Same will be supplied to exhibitors at fixed cost
prices, to encourage the display of machinery in motion.  Demands for such must
be settled at the time when the allotment of space is  made.  Exhibitors may
erect decorative  railings around their exhibits and provide canopies subject
to approval, but they must be in every instance within the area of the allotted
space; in cases of machinery in motion, it is imperative that it be well
guarded.  The Exposition authorities reserve to themselves the right of
examining or testing any exhibit?  If any damage or injury shall be occasioned
in the exposition by any exhibited machine, implement, or article whatever to
any visitor or other person, or to any officer, servant, or others there and
then, the exhibitors to whom such machine, implement or article may belong
shall indemnify, and hold harmless the Exposition authorities from and against
all actions, suits, expenses and claims, on account of, or in respect to any
such damage, or injury, which may be so caused or occasioned.  Shafting  and
motors will have to be under the care of exhibitors requiring same.

Rule 28.  An official catalogue will be published in English.  The Exposition
authorities reserve to themselves the sole right of compiling and printing the
same.  Every exhibitor will have the right of one entry for each space, for the
name, address and description of exhibit, consisting of twenty words, free of
charge, and as at least 100,000 copies of the official catalogue will be
issued, exhibitors will derive from this alone great benefits.  All descriptive
matter beyond the twenty words will be charged at fixed rates as an
advertisement.  The Exposition authorities will provide uniform cards with the
name of the exhibitor and the catalogue number printed thereon, which are to be
affixed to the exhibits.

Rule 29.  The classification is not exhaustive.  Where there appears no
heading, the Department of the Juries on Awards will classify the exhibits
satisfactorily.  The six headings of the classification are:

A.  Agricultural, food and its accessories, forestry and forest products,
irrigation, its modern system and appliances; agricultural machinery,
horticulture, viticulture, apiary  products, pomology, fish and fisheries, fish
products apparatuses for fishing.  Beet root industry of all description.
B.  Mechanical arts, mines, mining, metallurgy, transportations, railways,
vessels cycles, vehicles, electricity and electrical appliances.                 
C.  Manufactures in general, liberal arts, education, engineering, public
works, constructive architecture, music and drama, ethnology, archaeology,
progress of labor and inventions.
D.  Fine Arts, paintings, sculpture, architecture, decoration.
E.  Women's work.
F.  Isolated and collective exhibits.

Rule 30.  The representatives of foreign countries states and of sanctioned
collective exhibits will be allowed to group exhibits as they may consider
proper, subject always to the approval of the Exposition Authorities, except
machinery, which should be located in the machinery section.  For every exhibit
a separate application form and entry must be made.  The aisles and passage
ways are absolutely reserved for public convenience under the sole control of
the Exposition authorities, no decorations, trophies, fountains or any exhibit
whatever will be allowed to project into, or to be placed therein.  The
Exposition authorities shall have the right to cause the removal of any article
from whatever quarter it may come if on account of its nature or appearance it
be detrimental to or incompatible with the object of decorum of the Exposition,
all goods must be exhibited in the name of the individual or firm signing the
application from and no exhibitor will be allowed to transfer any portion of
the space allotted to him, or to allow any other than his own exhibit to be
placed thereon.  No concessions or privileges will be allowed in the foreign
section, State Buildings or Collective Sections of the Exposition except upon
special terms and conditions as may be arranged with the Exposition 
authorities.  All representatives must observe the general rules and
regulations strictly.

Rule 31.  Storage will be provided for empty cases, crates and packages at a
rate not exceeding 25 cents for minimum single pieces, but it is understood
that the Exposition authorities shall not be subject to any liability or damage
resulting from loss of such empties by depredations or fire, or any cause

Rule 32.  The removal of any exhibit will not be permitted prior to the close
of the Exposition.  Everybody shall keep exhibits uncovered and in best of
order for inspection during all hours when the Exposition is open to the

Rule 33.  To each bona fide exhibitor or his representative, one free pass to
the Exposition grounds will be issued free of charge and the necessary
workman's passes will be supplied.  Special rules will regulate the terms and
conditions of admission.

Rule 34.  Upon arrival at Exposition grounds, prepaid consignments will be
delivered by the Department of Transportation on or as near as practicable to
the exhibitor's allotted space, at the fixed price  of six cents per hundred
pounds or twenty cubic feet measurement.  Transportation charges, together with
terminal charges of six cents per hundred pounds on all consignments shipped
destined to the Exposition must be fully prepaid at the initial point, as under
no circumstances will these charges be advanced by the Exposition authorities. 
The terminal charge will apply to all consignments except those entering the
grounds on their own wheels, small consignments, minimum car lots, an single
pieces of an exhibit, weighing  over 2,000 pounds.  The charge on cars and
coaches on their own wheels  will be $5 each and locomotives with tenders, $10
each.  The minimum charge of 50 cents for any single shipment will be exacted
by the Exposition authorities, and the minimum carload weight as established by
the initial road will be the basis on which the Exposition charge is made for
such car load shipments, and exhibits weighing more than 2,000 pounds, each
piece will be subject to special arrangements.  Such goods as are received at
the Exposition with transportation and terminal charges unpaid or only
partially paid will be stored at the expense and risk of the owner.

Rule 35.  The buildings and grounds will be illuminated generally. Should any
exhibitor require extra light, he can obtain same upon application and on
payment of fixed rates.

Rule 36.  Before March 1st, 1898, Representatives of Commissions should furnish
the Chief of Department of Exhibits with approximate plans showing the manner
they intend to group their display and furnish a list of exhibitors together
with the individual application forms for spaces for the preparation of the
general plans and official catalogue.

Rule 37.  Such Representatives of Commissions, as may be designated shall be
permitted to act as such representatives, provided they are duly accredited and
produce to the Exposition authorities written evidence of having been
authorized to act by the Proper.

Rule 38.  Immediately after the close of the Exposition, exhibitors must remove
their effects and complete such removal within 30 days from the closing.  Goods
then remaining will be charged  storage.

Rule 39.  Loan exhibits accepted by the Chief of the Department of Exhibits
will be cared for without expense to the owner.  Special arrangements will be
made  in each case for exhibits which are non-commercial in character, but
designed to add to the completeness and educational value of the exposition.

Rule 41.  Exhibitors furnishing machinery such as engines, boilers, etc. for
use of the Exposition, may select their own men to operate them.  Their wages
will be fixed and paid by the Exposition authorities.

Rule 42.  The Exposition authorities will defray the necessary expenses of
exhibitors who loan their machine tools, etc. for the use of the Exposition,
beyond the outlay they would have incurred as exhibitors, simple wear and tear

Rule 43.  Permits will be issued by the Chief of the Department of Exhibits to
bring in such material as may be required for the successful operation of
certain exhibits and such articles as may be required by concessionaires and
privilege holders fifteen minutes before the opening of the exposition  in the
morning, also for the removal of such articles and products as come within the
general rules and regulations.

Rule 44.  The escape of steam into the atmosphere will not be permitted in any
of the buildings and the exhibitor must provide care of its condensation.

Rule 45.  It is not intended that machinery shall be installed in any other
building outside of the Machinery Hall.  But in order to encourage pleasing and
attractive effects and to add life to the various exhibits where motion is
required, a limited amount of noiseless motive power may b applied, subject to
the approval of the Chief of the Department of Exhibits.

Rule 46.  Works of art will be admitted to the fine arts section, whether
previously exhibited or not.  All works of art must be of highest order or
merit and will be admitted on approval of the Committee of Selection.  The
installation of the works of art admitted will be under the supervision of the
Superintendent of the Bureau of Fine Arts.  All pictures round or oval, should
be placed in square frames.  Excessive breadths in frames or projecting
moldings should be avoided.  Shadow boxes must not project more than one inch
beyond the frame.  Works of art for sale will be so designated in the official
catalogue and will be subject to special rules.

Rule 47.  Each person who becomes an exhibitor thereby agrees to conform
strictly to all the rules and regulations established for the government of the

Rule 48.  The Exposition authorities of the Trans-Mississippi and International
Exposition reserve to themselves the right to construe, amend or add to these
rules and regulations whenever it may be deemed necessary for the interest of
the Exposition.

The Exposition authorities hope to secure such perfection of detail in the
presentation of each separate exhibit and such logical, consistent and
harmonious combination in the arrangement of the several classes and groups as
will secure a display which will be both instructive and artistic.  To this end
they desire to aid exhibitors and to secure their hearty co-operation and
assistance.  Regulations are intended not to annoy exhibitors but to aid them
in making the most effective display.


Mgr. and Chief Dept. Exhibits

Mgr. and Chief Dept. of Concessions.

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