of the

                              NAVY DEPARTMENT.

       Before the close of the Tennessee Centennial Exposition of 1897, an  
appropriation was made by Congress for the United States Government to  
participate in the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, of the  
following year, consequently a large portion of the Navy Department's   exhibit
was shipped to the Washington Navy Yard and stored ready for re-  shipment to

       In the meantime, the funds apportioned to the Department being ample  
to make a creditable exhibit, arrangements were made for the construction   of
several articles which would be attractive and also offer a means of  
instructing the public.

       Through the courtesy of the Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance, a dummy  
breech of a thirteen-inch gun was cast and carefully finished to receive   a
bona fide thirteen-inch plug loaned for the occasion.

       By request, the Chief of the Bureau of Construction and repair  
directed the following named articles be supplied, viz:  a large sized  
reproduction of the seal of the department carved out of mahogany; a   richly 
carved frame to contain facsimile of every medal awarded by the   United States
Naval officers; a model of a state-room, full-sized and   completely furnished;
and a working model of a timber dry dock, with   basin, built on a scale of
one-quarter inch to the foot.  In connection   with this dock, a model of the
Battleship "Illinois" was constructed and   loaned to the Department by private
individuals for this Exposition, to   be floated in the basin to illustrate the
docking of a ship.

       Anything that has "life" to it, as in a working model, attracts and  
holds the attention.  This is exemplified by the tired-and-get-through- 
with-it manner in which many visit an exhibit, without halting or casting  
hardly a glance at objects displayed at a great expense of labor and   money,
yet stopping and giving all attention when anything, however   trivial, is

       For this reason, to give "life" and thus create an interest and fix  
the attention, the working model of a dry dock was conceived and was most  
satisfactory in its results.

       The "Docking of the Model Battleship 'Illinois'" at a certain hour  
daily, was announced on the bulletin boards stationed about the   Exposition
grounds.  In order to obtain good positions, people began to   gather about the
model long before the appointed time, and all that the   voice could reach were
collected in the neighborhood of the dock when the   demonstration of the same
was begun by the Representative.  This was   followed by a general description
of the entire exhibit, given in a brief   talk.

       The Representative (undersigned) embraced in these talks the  
explanation of everything to be seen about the models and everything  
suggested by the questions that had been asked from time to time by   visitors.  

       Boats, guns, torpedoes, shells, air ports, life buoys, anchors,  
officers' quarters, etc., etc., were pointed out and attention called to   the
full-sized or real ones in exhibit.  The halyards on the models   suggested the
manner of signaling, which was explained,--the   International and Navy Code
flags being displayed on the walls for this   purpose and not for decoration. 
Then followed a statement of the utility   of the navy, its necessity and
requirements.  Upon special occasions the   docking of the ship was repeated,
but with these exceptions it was deemed   inadvisable to give it oftener than
once daily.

       Owing to the war with Spain, no rapid fire guns or torpedoes were  
available for exhibit early in the season, nor could a detail of Marines   be
provided.  Four men, three of whom had served in the Navy, and one in   the
Navy Militia, were engaged to keep the Department's space in proper   order and
act as instructors.  The interest aroused by the war and the   success of the
Navy presented opportunities to teach the Westerners facts   in regard to the
Navy that they had never before been interested in.

       The Representative (undersigned) directed that his assistant,  
Lieutenant S. J. Logan, U.S.M.C. (retired), and the men, above mentioned  
should appear in uniform.  Thus, as part of the exhibit, there were   displayed
uniforms of a Line Officer, a Marine Officer, a Chief Petty   Officer, a
Sergeant of Marines, a Boatswain's Mate, and a Coxswain, one   of the latter
being white.  These men were directed to be constant in   their efforts to
describe to visitors the various articles on exhibit.

       It being observed that the questions of many visitors denoted more  
than idle curiosity, the Representative had a small book published,   giving in
concise form information calculated to interest, as well as   instruct them. 
Three thousand copies were distributed with discretion,   and during the
Exposition, one failed to find them cast aside in the   rubbish of circulars,
advertisements, etc., that the tired visitors left   about the grounds.

       The Navy exhibit occupied about three thousand nine hundred square  
feet of space, about forty-two by ninety-two feet, located in the North   end
of the Government building and on the East side of the main aisle.

       The following is a list of the exhibits displayed:

       Models of the United States Battleships, Cruisers, Monitors, Gun- 
boats, etc., etc.,

               "Bancroftf"                   "Maintonomah"
               "Yorktown"                    "Petrel"
               "Maine"                       "Monterey"
               "Baltimore"                   "Vesuvius"
               "Kearsarge"                   "Newark"               "Gunboats 8
and 9"            "Katahdin"
               "Massachusetts"               "Charleston"
               "Columbia"                    "Nashville"
               "Atlanta"                     "Wheeling"
               "Annapolis"                   "Illinois"
       Half Models of:

               "Washington"                  "Hartford"
               "Old Ironsides"

     Navy Department Seal,                   Navy Medals,
     Franklin Buoy,                          Framed photographs of ships,
     Hichborn turret,                        Ten transparencies of ships,
     Diving suit, complete,                  Four wall cases of photographs
        with air pump.
     Box containing samples of cellulose,    Dry Dock basin, (a working model)
     Model of crane,                         Wilson air port,
     Model of state-room (full size, furnished completely).

                             Bureau of Ordnance.

     Half-section model of thirteen-inch gun, (wood, full size)
     Model of Breech     "    "      "    "   (iron and steel, full size)
     Breech plug         "    "      "    "
     Recoil spring       "    "      "    "
     Four-inch rapid fire gun, with telescopic sight, complete
     One-pounder Maxin-Nordlinger automatic gun, with ammunition boxes 
     Catlin gun
     Spanish gun, (old field piece)
     Mexican gun, (old field piece)

     Fifteen-inch, smooth bore
     Thirteen-inch, S. A. P., Midvale
     Ten-inch, S. A. P.
     Eight-inch, S. A. P., U. S. P.
     2 twelve-inch, A. P. S. S.
     Ten-inch, A. P. Carpenter
     2 six-inch, A. P.  Carpenter
     2 five-inch, A. P.
     Thirteen-inch, W. S.
     Ten-inch, Midvale
     Eight-inch, U. S. P.
     2 four-inch, Carpenter
     Six-pounder, U. S. P.
     Thirteen-inch common,
     Twelve-inch,   "
     Ten-inch,      "
     Eight-inch,    "
     Six-inch,      "
     90 sword Bayonets
     2 Navy Revolvers     Whitehead Torpedo
     Mushroom for pressure gauge
     Case containing three half-sections of Six-Millimeter rifle (Lee)
     Soft steel caps for A. P. shells
     14 Carbines
     24 Rifles, ancient and modern
     Table with rack and Lee navy rifle
     Various tests plates, showing penetration of Lee navy rifle
     Five-inch ammunition box
     Six-pounder,   "      "
     One-pounder,   "      "
     Six-inch drill cartridge
     Five-inch "       "
     Belts, Haversacks, and Canteens
     Model of fourteen thousand pound anchor with one fathom of cable
     Case containing all kinds of rope used in the navy
     Set of original flags, Navy Code
     2 sets signal flags international code
     Binnacle with compass and lamps, complete
     Sextant,                                Ships Thermometer
     Octant,                                 Areonid Barometer
     Stadimeter,                             Wet and Dry Bulb Thermometer
     Binocular glasses,                      Ships clock

     Bureau of steam engineering-
     Engine for twenty-eight foot cutter
     Propeller for twenty-eight foot cutter
     Framed drawings of engines of the "New York".
                              Hydraulic Office.
     Framed pilot charts
     Blue-print charts
     Flag of the President of the United States
     Spanish relics from ships of Admiral Cevera's fleet
     2 sets of the Chadwick carrier
       Upon the destruction of the Spanish fleet off Santiago, a four-inch  
rapid fire gun, an automatic one-pounder, and a Whitehead torpedo, were  
placed on exhibition by the Department.  These were of intense interest   of
the public.  The Colonel Commandant of Marines detailed to the   Exposition a
sergeant and eight privates, and these men, having served at   Guantaname, were
of special interest, being intelligent and zealous in   giving information, and
were always surrounded with scores of visitors.

       During the World's Fair at Chicago, the undersigned was residing in  
that city and passed much of time on board the brick battleship   containing
the Navy Department, exhibit, and can state from observation   that though at
Omaha, the number of people was less,and the exhibit not   so complete, the
interest manifested at the latter exposition was far   greater, and he is
confident that the result will be wider in its reach   and more effective in
its character.

       Eleven thousand, nine hundred and sixteen dollars and sixty seven  
cents, ($11,916.67) was the original amount allotted to the Navy   Department. 
This was reduced later, by the transferring of fifteen   hundred dollars
($1,500.00) to the Common Fund. (#)

# See statement of allotment and transfers of funds.

                              COST OF EXHIBIT.

       The following is a classified statement of the disbursements made on  
account of the Navy Department Exhibit:

          Special or contract services,-------------- 2,068.47
          Travel and subsistence,-------------------- 1,602.64
          Freight, cartage, etc.,-------------------- 1,676.63
          Exhibition cases, frames, etc.,------------   219.13
          Supplies,----------------------------------   418.74
          Decorations,-------------------------------     5.00
          Heat, light and power,---------------------    29.63
          Telegraphic service,----------------------- 113.53

                                   Edward M. Stedman,
                                        Lieutenant Commander, U. S. Navy.

                              Representative, Navy Department.

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