REPORT OF THE REPRESENTATIVE of the NAVY DEPARTMENT. Before the close of the Tennessee Centennial Exposition of 1897, an appropriation was made by Congress for the United States Government to participate in the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, of the following year, consequently a large portion of the Navy Department's exhibit was shipped to the Washington Navy Yard and stored ready for re- shipment to Omaha. In the meantime, the funds apportioned to the Department being ample to make a creditable exhibit, arrangements were made for the construction of several articles which would be attractive and also offer a means of instructing the public. Through the courtesy of the Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance, a dummy breech of a thirteen-inch gun was cast and carefully finished to receive a bona fide thirteen-inch plug loaned for the occasion. By request, the Chief of the Bureau of Construction and repair directed the following named articles be supplied, viz: a large sized reproduction of the seal of the department carved out of mahogany; a richly carved frame to contain facsimile of every medal awarded by the United States Naval officers; a model of a state-room, full-sized and completely furnished; and a working model of a timber dry dock, with basin, built on a scale of one-quarter inch to the foot. In connection with this dock, a model of the Battleship "Illinois" was constructed and loaned to the Department by private individuals for this Exposition, to be floated in the basin to illustrate the docking of a ship. Anything that has "life" to it, as in a working model, attracts and holds the attention. This is exemplified by the tired-and-get-through- with-it manner in which many visit an exhibit, without halting or casting hardly a glance at objects displayed at a great expense of labor and money, yet stopping and giving all attention when anything, however trivial, is moving. For this reason, to give "life" and thus create an interest and fix the attention, the working model of a dry dock was conceived and was most satisfactory in its results. The "Docking of the Model Battleship 'Illinois'" at a certain hour daily, was announced on the bulletin boards stationed about the Exposition grounds. In order to obtain good positions, people began to gather about the model long before the appointed time, and all that the voice could reach were collected in the neighborhood of the dock when the demonstration of the same was begun by the Representative. This was followed by a general description of the entire exhibit, given in a brief talk. The Representative (undersigned) embraced in these talks the explanation of everything to be seen about the models and everything suggested by the questions that had been asked from time to time by visitors. Boats, guns, torpedoes, shells, air ports, life buoys, anchors, officers' quarters, etc., etc., were pointed out and attention called to the full-sized or real ones in exhibit. The halyards on the models suggested the manner of signaling, which was explained,--the International and Navy Code flags being displayed on the walls for this purpose and not for decoration. Then followed a statement of the utility of the navy, its necessity and requirements. Upon special occasions the docking of the ship was repeated, but with these exceptions it was deemed inadvisable to give it oftener than once daily. Owing to the war with Spain, no rapid fire guns or torpedoes were available for exhibit early in the season, nor could a detail of Marines be provided. Four men, three of whom had served in the Navy, and one in the Navy Militia, were engaged to keep the Department's space in proper order and act as instructors. The interest aroused by the war and the success of the Navy presented opportunities to teach the Westerners facts in regard to the Navy that they had never before been interested in. The Representative (undersigned) directed that his assistant, Lieutenant S. J. Logan, U.S.M.C. (retired), and the men, above mentioned should appear in uniform. Thus, as part of the exhibit, there were displayed uniforms of a Line Officer, a Marine Officer, a Chief Petty Officer, a Sergeant of Marines, a Boatswain's Mate, and a Coxswain, one of the latter being white. These men were directed to be constant in their efforts to describe to visitors the various articles on exhibit. It being observed that the questions of many visitors denoted more than idle curiosity, the Representative had a small book published, giving in concise form information calculated to interest, as well as instruct them. Three thousand copies were distributed with discretion, and during the Exposition, one failed to find them cast aside in the rubbish of circulars, advertisements, etc., that the tired visitors left about the grounds. The Navy exhibit occupied about three thousand nine hundred square feet of space, about forty-two by ninety-two feet, located in the North end of the Government building and on the East side of the main aisle. The following is a list of the exhibits displayed: Models of the United States Battleships, Cruisers, Monitors, Gun- boats, etc., etc., "Bancroftf" "Maintonomah" "Yorktown" "Petrel" "Maine" "Monterey" "Baltimore" "Vesuvius" "Kearsarge" "Newark" "Gunboats 8 and 9" "Katahdin" "Massachusetts" "Charleston" "Columbia" "Nashville" "Atlanta" "Wheeling" "Annapolis" "Illinois" Half Models of: "Washington" "Hartford" "Old Ironsides" Navy Department Seal, Navy Medals, Franklin Buoy, Framed photographs of ships, Hichborn turret, Ten transparencies of ships, Diving suit, complete, Four wall cases of photographs with air pump. Box containing samples of cellulose, Dry Dock basin, (a working model) Model of crane, Wilson air port, Model of state-room (full size, furnished completely). Bureau of Ordnance. Half-section model of thirteen-inch gun, (wood, full size) Model of Breech " " " " (iron and steel, full size) Breech plug " " " " Recoil spring " " " " Four-inch rapid fire gun, with telescopic sight, complete One-pounder Maxin-Nordlinger automatic gun, with ammunition boxes complete Catlin gun Spanish gun, (old field piece) Mexican gun, (old field piece) Shells: Fifteen-inch, smooth bore Thirteen-inch, S. A. P., Midvale Ten-inch, S. A. P. Eight-inch, S. A. P., U. S. P. 2 twelve-inch, A. P. S. S. Ten-inch, A. P. Carpenter 2 six-inch, A. P. Carpenter 2 five-inch, A. P. Thirteen-inch, W. S. Ten-inch, Midvale Eight-inch, U. S. P. 2 four-inch, Carpenter Six-pounder, U. S. P. Thirteen-inch common, Twelve-inch, " Ten-inch, " Eight-inch, " Six-inch, " 90 sword Bayonets 2 Navy Revolvers Whitehead Torpedo Mushroom for pressure gauge Case containing three half-sections of Six-Millimeter rifle (Lee) Soft steel caps for A. P. shells 14 Carbines 24 Rifles, ancient and modern Table with rack and Lee navy rifle Various tests plates, showing penetration of Lee navy rifle Five-inch ammunition box Six-pounder, " " One-pounder, " " Six-inch drill cartridge Five-inch " " Belts, Haversacks, and Canteens Model of fourteen thousand pound anchor with one fathom of cable Case containing all kinds of rope used in the navy Set of original flags, Navy Code 2 sets signal flags international code Binnacle with compass and lamps, complete Officer-of-the-Deck's-glass Sextant, Ships Thermometer Octant, Areonid Barometer Stadimeter, Wet and Dry Bulb Thermometer Binocular glasses, Ships clock Clinometer. Bureau of steam engineering- Engine for twenty-eight foot cutter Propeller for twenty-eight foot cutter Framed drawings of engines of the "New York". Hydraulic Office. Framed pilot charts Blue-print charts Miscellaneous. Flag of the President of the United States Spanish relics from ships of Admiral Cevera's fleet 2 sets of the Chadwick carrier Upon the destruction of the Spanish fleet off Santiago, a four-inch rapid fire gun, an automatic one-pounder, and a Whitehead torpedo, were placed on exhibition by the Department. These were of intense interest of the public. The Colonel Commandant of Marines detailed to the Exposition a sergeant and eight privates, and these men, having served at Guantaname, were of special interest, being intelligent and zealous in giving information, and were always surrounded with scores of visitors. During the World's Fair at Chicago, the undersigned was residing in that city and passed much of time on board the brick battleship containing the Navy Department, exhibit, and can state from observation that though at Omaha, the number of people was less,and the exhibit not so complete, the interest manifested at the latter exposition was far greater, and he is confident that the result will be wider in its reach and more effective in its character. Eleven thousand, nine hundred and sixteen dollars and sixty seven cents, ($11,916.67) was the original amount allotted to the Navy Department. This was reduced later, by the transferring of fifteen hundred dollars ($1,500.00) to the Common Fund. (#) # See statement of allotment and transfers of funds. COST OF EXHIBIT. The following is a classified statement of the disbursements made on account of the Navy Department Exhibit: Services,----------------------------------$2,620.36 Special or contract services,-------------- 2,068.47 Travel and subsistence,-------------------- 1,602.64 Freight, cartage, etc.,-------------------- 1,676.63 Exhibition cases, frames, etc.,------------ 219.13 Supplies,---------------------------------- 418.74 Decorations,------------------------------- 5.00 Heat, light and power,--------------------- 29.63 Telegraphic service,----------------------- 113.53 Total,-------$8,871.13 Edward M. Stedman, Lieutenant Commander, U. S. Navy. Representative, Navy Department.